Ladder Safety & Usage Guide
A ladder is a tool like
any other. If it is used properly and according to safety guidelines, it will
give many years of trouble-free service. However, if proper cautions are not
taken, a ladder can be involved in an accident. Please read and follow all
instructions and labels accompanying each ladder.
Two factors that deserve particular attention are proper ladder selection and
electrical shock precautions.
Pay close attention to the Duty Rating of the ladder and the combined weight of
the user and materials. Select a ladder with the proper capacity. Also, be sure
to select a ladder of proper height to reach the work area without
Be aware of wires, electrical devices and live
electrical circuits. Metal ladders conduct electricity and can create a danger
of electrocution. Failure to read and follow instructions regarding electrical
safety could result in serious personal injury or death.
Ladder Inspection Before Each Use
Inspect upon receipt and before each use. Never climb a
damaged, bent or broken ladder: all working parts must be in good working
Make sure all rivets and joints, nuts and bolts are tight;
feet, steps and rungs are secure; spreaders and pail shelf function properly
(on step ladders); and rung locks, rope and pulley are in good condition (on
Keep ladder clean, free from grease, oil, mud, snow, wet
paint and other slippery material. Keep your shoes clean. Leather soles
should not be used.
Never make temporary repairs of damaged or missing parts.
Destroy ladder if damaged, worn or if exposed to fire or
General Precautions Before Each Use
Read the instructions printed on the ladder and follow
them. Ladders are designed for one person. Exceptions are Double Front Step
Ladders, which may be used by two people, one on each side. Duty Ratings
still apply for each side and should be carefully observed.
Never leave a ladder set up and unattended. Special care
should be taken to keep children away from all ladders.
If you anticipate the use of chemicals or other possibly
corrosive materials, the ladder manufacturer should be consulted before use.
If you are in poor health, subject to fainting spells,
have a physical handicap that would impair your climbing ability, or if you
are under the influence of any drug or alcohol (including legal drugs that
may cause drowsiness), you should not use a ladder.
Do not use in high winds or during a storm.
Stay focused on safety whenever you are on the ladder, and
keep your body weight between the rails.
Proper Care & Storage of Ladders
Store ladders in a safe, dry place.
Hang ladders on racks, at intervals of 6 feet for support.
Properly secure and support ladders while in transit.
Keep ladders clean and free of foreign materials.
Never store materials on ladders.
Step Ladders: Proper Set Up
DANGER! Metal Conducts Electricity!
Do not let ladders of any material come in contact with live
Make sure ladder is fully open, spreaders secure, and pail
shelf in position.
Place on firm level surface with a secure footing. Do not
use on slippery surfaces. Do not place on boxes, unstable bases or scaffolds
to gain additional height. Do not place in front of door opening toward
Proper Climbing & Use
Face ladder when climbing up or down; keep body centered
between side rails.
Maintain a firm grip. Use both hands in climbing
Never climb a ladder from the side unless ladder is
secured against side-wise motion, or climb from one ladder to another.
Do not over reach; move ladder when needed.
Do not "walk" or "jog" ladder when standing on it.
Do not stand, climb or sit on ladder top, pail shelf,
braces, or back section.
Do not overload. Ladders are meant for one person. Do not
use as a brace, platform or plank.
Keep ladder close to work; avoid pushing or pulling off to
the side of ladders.