Safety is a major issue in most industrial environments – especially those where industrial traffic like forklifts, AGV’s and other vehicles mingle with workers on foot. There are just too many ways people can get hurt; too many chances for things to suddenly go wrong. That’s why including some automated safety sensor systems in a facility can make a life and death difference on a day-to-day basis.
Safety sensors come in many varieties and serve varied functions from detecting warm bodies to reacting to mass proximity. They detect motion, infrared light wavelengths, heat signals and more. But how do you know which system you need?
Define the danger first
Look at potential for injury or damages at intersections, in aisles, at dock doors, personnel entrances and other locations where machinery and man mix.
Make a list of where and what the danger potential is. Then, ask yourself how the danger potential could be reduced or removed. Make a list something like this: 1) Change the traffic flow, 2) Make it easier for pedestrians to see forklift and/or machinery movement (and vice-versa), 3) Define traffic lanes with marking tape
, 4) Install guard rail, 5) Install safety mirrors
, 6) Put in a safety sensor system
As you make your list of possible improvements, you will begin to see what devices will best correct the danger potential, such as safety gates, flashing lights, and sensors. You can then look into the effectiveness and cost of such enhancements, and, the potential cost of not making a change.
Sensors just make sense
Sensors take safety and make it an active process rather than passive such as using mirrors, tape, and other measures. With sensors detecting the potential for danger, there is an active response such as gates closing, lights flashing or sirens going off – and it all happens automatically.
Rack aisle anti-collision systems
There are many ways to protect against accidents in storage rack areas. Most of these sensor systems rely on motion
detection technology. Sensors can be placed at the ends of rack aisles to warn of motion within the aisle and/or motion crossing the end of the aisle. Sensors can also be placed at important intersections where people and machines cross paths. All these systems generally use flashing lights as their warning mechanisms. Some also have audible sirens.
Dock door systems
Dock doors are perhaps the most dangerous location in a facility simply for the fact that forklifts can drop over the dock edge with catastrophic consequences. Protection from these types of accidents is best accomplished with a combination of training and devices like traffic lights
showing when a truck is at the dock, and sensor systems to warn of traffic
in the area. These sensors rely on motion detection and will display flashing lights when traffic is detected
. Additional safety factors help by using door guards
and dock gates
to assure the dock is not open to forklifts until a truck is in place.
Traffic intersection protection
There are often intersections within a warehouse complex where there are blind corners and the potential for pedestrian and forklift or forklift to forklift collisions to occur. These are the places where proximity detection can be very important. Just how close is the oncoming traffic, and is it massive like a forklift, or smaller like a human? Depending on the sensor system you select, you can select the way you want the intersection to be handled. You can choose for all directions to be warned
, for only forklift traffic to be detected
, or for only pedestrian traffic to be detected
. It all depends on the intersection and your assessment of traffic priority in your safety program.
Is your safety program effective?
No matter how many sensors you have or bright lights flashing, safety will not improve unless your safety systems make sense, are consistent in how they are set up, and appropriate signage is in place. Even then, you should follow up with regular safety training for all employees and visitors. The people in your plant need to know what all those sensors are trying to tell them.
Tags: forklift safety, industrial safety, infrared sensor, motion detection, safety sensors, safety systems, traffic management
Scott Stone is Cisco-Eagle's Marketing Director with three decades of experience in material handling, warehousing and industrial operations. He writes on automation, warehousing, safety, manufacturing and other areas of concern for industrial operations.